Fresno County, in the San Joaquin Valley of California (CA) has significantly higher levels of preterm birth than the rest of California (12.1% compared to 9.6% in CA in 2012)—but why? Preterm birth happens when babies are born too soon, before 37 weeks gestation, and factors including environmental pollution may contribute. We wanted to understand … Continue reading What causes so much preterm birth in Fresno County?
Preterm birth, when a baby is born before 37 weeks, is a pressing public health problem because babies born early have greater risks of mortality and health complications and later disease in child and adulthood. In 2017 alone, California had more than 400,000 preterm births an increased rate of 8.6%compared to the previous year. Though … Continue reading Arsenic in drinking water may increase the risk of preterm birth
Why would the University of California San Francisco host internal industry emails, scientific studies, and public relations campaigns in its Industry Documents Library (IDL)? Because UCSF is dedicated to producing and using the best science to benefit the public’s health – and if science is manipulated or misrepresented, that can result in negative effects. Documents … Continue reading Unsealing Science: UCSF’s Chemical Industry Documents Library
Did you know that there are more than 80,000 chemicals registered for commercial use in the US, with an estimated 2,000 new ones being introduced each year? More than 30,000 pounds of chemicals are manufactured and imported for every American, nearly 15 times of the amount of food that one would eat annually. Believe it … Continue reading New method uncovers hidden chemicals in pregnant women
About 1 in 33 babies are born with a birth defect. Spina bifida, a neural tube defect, which is one of the most common birth defects, affects about 4 in 10,000 – 1,500 babies are born with spina bifida each year in the U.S. Spina bifida occurs when the neural tube does not close completely … Continue reading Pollution and gene interactions may raise birth defect risks
Whether at the Oscars or the March for Science, women are increasingly standing up with each other and questioning the status quo in everything from entertainment to politics, including in my field of environmental health. Protecting women during pregnancy from pollution might seem like an obvious public health objective, yet in the 40-plus year history … Continue reading The Clean Air Act must protect pregnant women: here’s how
Americans love going out to eat. In fact, two-thirds of the U.S. population dine out daily, according to our new study. While many of us know that dining out establishments typically serve larger meals that contain more butter, salt, and oil than foods we might prepare at home, how many of us know that chemicals … Continue reading No free lunch with phthalates on the menu
Constant exposure to environmental pollutants can sicken our bodies, and social stressors such as poverty and psychological burden can further aggravate the health effects. For example, traffic-related air pollution has been linked to the onset of childhood asthma. However, if children exposed to air pollutants also experience violence, their risks of developing asthma can be … Continue reading 1+1>2: Evaluating how risks of pollutants and stressors stack up